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hangmioku40年40刻:弘扬改革开放伟大精神

皇冠一刻钟完整版

    《中国经济周刊》微信号:中国经济周刊中国经济周刊官方网站:经济网www.ce..cn,原国家体育改革委员会副主任,原中国经济改革研究会会长高胜泉(本文发表在2018年《中国经济周刊》第50期)到十一届三中全会为止,中国的改革开放已经持续了40年。《中国经济周刊》、《人民日报》以捕捉“四十年四十刻”的方式描述了改革开放的过程和成就,纪念了中国乃至人类历史上的伟大成就。我认为这是非常好的和必要的。现在,《纪念改革开放40周年——四十年四十刻》即将出版。《中国经济周刊》邀请我为此写一篇序言。我想这么做,不仅因为我经历和见证了中国改革开放40年的全过程,而且因为它凝聚了我一生的研究、思考、建议以及不同时期的心情起伏。同时,我希望如此。我希望年轻人不要忘记这段历史,继续把中国的改革推向新的高度。40年来,中国的改革开放道路是宏伟的,国家和社会发生了巨大的变化,取得了前所未有的成就和不可磨灭的成就。然而,从国内企业所有权争议到日益激烈的中美贸易战,可以说,中国的改革开放进程仍然面临着前所未有的挑战。面对复杂的国内外形势,我们如何才能从这40年的成功中吸取经验教训呢?这是一个值得我们总结和思考的重要问题。习近平同志指出:“改革开放是当代中国发展和进步的生命力源泉,是党和人民与时俱进的重要法宝。”在五个方面。第一,改革开放政策重心从阶级斗争转向经济建设。虽然“文革”已经结束,混乱的初步整顿已经稳定并恢复了正常的社会生活秩序,但“两个凡是”、“以阶级斗争为核心”的“左”的思想仍然占据主导地位,国家的发展和进步仍然陷于禁锢。一九七八年五月,特别是一九七八年十二月党的十一届三中全会,随着“真理标准大讨论”的展开,中国彻底抛弃了“两个凡是”,突破了思想桎梏,恢复了马克思主义的基本思想路线,确立了“解放”的思想核心。“胸怀大志,实事求是”的改革开放,从而有效地促进了党和国家的工作。中心向经济建设的转移,也为中国的改革和发展提供了无穷的思想源泉和理论活力。第二,改革开放推动中国从计划经济走向市场经济。总之,从计划经济向社会主义市场经济的转变是中国改革开放最艰巨的过程和最重要的成就。今天,中国已经完全摆脱了国家计划分配社会资源的时代。绝大多数中国人都想当然地认为他们应该遵循价值规律,由市场配置资源。所以我们看到一个中国奇迹,使7亿人摆脱了贫困。在新的历史时期,在中国共产党第十八届中央委员会第三次全体会议已经明确的历史,“使市场在资源配置中起决定性作用,这不仅是进一步识别在中国市场经济的一般规律,也是市场的一个重要里程碑经济法服务于社会主义经济建设。我坚信,坚持深化改革和更全面的开放,必将带来中国特色社会主义建设一个新的水平,逐步实现“中国梦”的人的路,一个现实的富国和强国。第三、改革开放的发展,中国从一个封闭的国家走向全面开放。从蛇口工业区到深圳、珠海、汕头和厦门,经济特区已经建立,从14个沿海港口城市浦东开发开放,开放在扬子江内陆腹地加入WTO。改革开放使我国从“盲目自信的历史,从西方“自尊和排斥,这吸引了外国资本,技术和先进的管理。It has made our commodity market prosperous and abundant, constantly upgrading, rapid export growth and increasing international market share. After the Sixteen Party's Congress, China's use of foreign capital has shifted to optimizing capital allocation and promoting technological progress as the leading factor. It has promoted the continuous improvement of the socialist market economic system, making China's total economic volume steady second in the world. Since the eighteen largest party, China's opening level has been raised again, and the introduction and exit of G20 have been synchronized simultaneously. China's position in the international economic and trade system has become increasingly prominent, especially in the context of the global economic recession and the rise of trade protectionism in various countries. China has gradually become a leader and promoter of globalization, which is totally inconceivable compared with 40 years ago. 改革促进开放,开放军队改革。今后,中国将按照这个周期去世界更牢固。第四,改革开放推动中国从人治到法治。中国共产党的第十四次全国代表大会后,明确提出了建立社会主义市场经济体制的改革目标,是依法治国的迫切,因为市场经济必须是法治经济。法治不仅可以从根本上消除政治混乱,像文化大革命,而且,更重要的是,确保所有市场参与者的微观行为有章可循,有法可依,公平的前提下,稳定了企业的预期,降低交易成本,释放市场至关重要性。正是在这种历史趋势,中共第十五次全国代表大会郑重提出依法治国方略,建设社会主义法治国家作为党领导人民治理国家的整合;1999年3月,全国人民代表大会修改宪法,明确:t "the People's Republic of China runs the country by law and builds a socialist country ruled by law"; and at the 3rd Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee, To govern China, we must adhere to the joint promotion of governing the country according to law, governing the country according to law and administering the country according to law, and adhere to the construction of a country governed by law, a government governed by law and a society governed by law as a whole". The Fourth Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China adopted the Decision on Several Major Issues Concerning the Comprehensive Promotion of Ruling the Country by After the Nineteenth National Congress, the Central Leading Group for Ruling the Country by Law was set up to push the rule of law to an unpreced有高度。但我们应该清醒地看到,建设社会主义法治国家还有很长的路要走。第五,改革开放促进了从贫穷落后的人们的生活转变到全面建设小康社会。改革开放改变了生产关系对生产力的束缚,给人们的生活带来了很大的改进。In the past 40 years, the per capita disposable income of urban residents in China has increased from 343 yuan in 1978 to 36396 yuan in 2017, and the per capita net income of rural residents has increased from 134 yuan to 13432 yuan; the Engel coefficient (urban and rural) reflecting the proportion of food in family income has decreased from 57.5% and 67.7% in 1978 to 28.6% and 31.2% in 2016, respectively; and the life expectancy of residents has increased from 67.8 years in 1981 to 20 years. The 17-year-old 76.7 years old, and the 2016 "Healthy China 2030" Program Outline shows that by 2030, the people's physical fitness has increased significantly, with the average life expectancy reaching 79.0 years; the illiteracy rate has dropped from 22.8% in 1982 to 4.1% at present, and millions of college graduates are successors to the cause o社会主义现代化每年。可以看出,改革开放已经从斗争实际的目的一步一步的小康社会,这是致力于建设中国特色社会主义的人的关键驱动力,以及我们国家发展进步的活力源泉。在过去的40年的改革开放,中国发生了如此巨大的转变,取得如此大的成就,这表明我们的主要方向,主要途径和主要方法必须正确。因此,我们必须总结这40年的经验,以适应当前和未来的挑战。目前,主要的经验和启示,主要包括以下四个方面:第一,坚持不可动摇的基本经济制度。第十五次全国代表大会明确指出,“公有制为主体,多种所有制经济共同发展,是中国在社会主义初级阶段的基本经济制度。我们说的社会主义初级阶段理论是马克思主义中国化的过程中一个非常重要的理论成果,这取决于几代人的长期的努力,几代人、几十代人几十。这有两层含义:一是我国社会已经是社会主义社会,我们必须坚持它,不偏离它;二是我国社会主义社会还处于初级阶段,我们必须从实际出发,不能超越它。Therefore, we must adhere to the "basic economic system in the primary stage of socialism" for a long time. Any "departure theory" of private economy and "extermination theory" of private ownership are wrong. As General Secretary Xi Jinping said in his speech, "departure theory" and "extermination theory" are inconsistent with China's practice and with the principles and policies of the Communist Party. Second, adhere to the direction and path of market-oriented reform. From the proposition of "one-two-gong" and "cutting off the tail of capitalism" to "plan-oriented, market-supplemented-socialist commodity economy", from the transformation of directive plan to directive plan, to "setting up socialist market economic system as the goal of reform", and finally positioning "market plays a decisive role in the allocation of resources". 在这个过程中,我们可以看到,在资源配置中发挥什么样的作用市场。这是对中国的经济体制改革的核心命题,和市场的作用,不断提升贯穿于中国改革的全过程,在过去40年的开放,所以我们必须看到,所有的经济成就改革带来的是社会主义中国的关必然的结果ness to the market and respect for the law of value; we must admit that the core of the 40-year reform and opening-up experience is one of the core. That is to insist on the direction and road of market-oriented reform. 第三,坚持现代企业制度不可动摇。最近,习近平同志说,现代企业制度必须坚持和贯彻始终。现代企业制度是什么?对中国共产党关于建立社会主义市场经济体制若干问题的决定,明确界定中央和总结为十六个字:产权清晰、权责明确、政企分开、管理科学。Adhering to the modern enterprise system is not the result of whims, but the direction of reform that we finally decided through the constant exploration and trial and error of the enterprise system in the 1980s. Since the Third Plenary Session of the 14th Central Committee, the reform of state-owned enterprises has made great achievements in this方向。Based on the modern enterprise system, the socialist market economy has shown tremendous vitality, and the superiority of socialism has gradually emerged. 但改革永远不会结束,问题将不可避免地在改革过程中出现的。这需要更多的解放思想、深化改革来解决,而不是逃避困难,使国有企业改革能重返旧路。Otherwise, it will not only cause ideological confusion, but also lead to market turbulence and institutional transaction costs will rise substantially. At the same time, because the state-owned enterprises are often in the upstream of the industrial chain, their rising costs will lead to the rise of the overall economic costs, which will inhibit the competitiveness of the country, especially in the context of the rise of international trade protectionism and the continuous fermentation of trade wARS,抑制竞争将带来巨大的经济冲击。因此,我们必须站在全局的高度,站在国际竞争的角度,坚持现代企业制度的改革,坚定不移地。Fourthly, we should persist in protecting human rights, property rights and personality rights. At the 15th National Congress of the CPC, for the first time, "guaranteeing broad rights and freedoms according to law, respecting and guaranteeing human rights" was written into the Party's documents; in 2004, the "state respects and guarantees human rights" was written into the Constitution to realize the "constitutionalization of human rights" in China, and then freedom was regarded as one of the important contents of socialist core values. In 2017, "Opinions of the State Council of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Creating a Healthy Growth Environment for Entrepreneurs, Promoting Excellent Entrepreneurship and Better Playing the Role of Entrepreneurs" clearly put forward: to protect the property rights, innovative rights and autonomous management rights of en内容根据法律,建立一个新的“专业清”企业家的政商关系式;和第十九次全国代表大会的中国共产党的权利。为什么党如此重视保护这些权利的各种所有制经济组织和个人依法吗?在我看来,这是为了提高人民的财富和财产的安全,人民的幸福的重要组成部分,其出发点和落脚点的改革开放,和增强社会信心,形成良好的发展预期的关键手段。中国共产党的第十八次全国代表大会以来,改革开放事业进入了一个新的时代。在第十八届中央委员会第三次全体会议,党的中央委员会,以习近平同志为核心的,由中共中央关于全面深化改革若干重大问题的决定,描绘中国的改革全面推广的宏伟蓝图开放。重大的突破已经在市场在资源配置中的地位。显著的进步已经在供应方面的结构性改革取得。反腐败斗争和促进诚信效果显著。Effective progress has been made in the construction of ecological civilization. Deepening the reform of national defense and the army has significantly improved the level of national defense modernization and national defense capability. Cultural system reform has also promoted the prosperity and development of cultural undertakings. In particular, it is worth mentioning that the top-level design of the national political system adapts to new requirements and achieves new breakthroughs. After the Third Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee, the Central Committee set up a leading group to comprehensively deepen the reform at the highest decision-making level, which greatly enhanced the decision-making efficiency of the reform, freed a series of problems such as household registration and rural land system that had always been avoided in the past and made positive breakthroughs. What is more valuable is that the national governance system and governance capacity-building have become more striking, and adherence to the leadership of the Party is our country. The fundamental guarantee to achieve sustainable development and prosperity, and the people's ownership is the source of strength to achieve the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. 改革只有进行时,没有完成。12月18日,我听了习近平总书记的重要讲话,提出了一些思考。总书记说,改革开放是一个伟大的觉醒的人。改革开放已经建立了一个伟大的奇迹和改革开放成为当代中国人最鲜明的精神象征。我深深的感动,改革开放是一个伟大的实践,也是一种伟大的精神。正是因为这种伟大的精神,改革开放使中国有一个伟大的改革开放实践,创造了地球上的一个奇迹。改革开放的精神是什么?我认为这主要体现在两个方面:第一,大胆尝试的精神,成为世界第一;其次,不断创新的精神,改革过程中敢于探索和创新。中国的改革已进入深水区。每一次突破,需要更大的勇气和决心,以及更多的勇气去尝试和创新。在纪念和赞颂了改革开放第四十周年之际,我们需要发扬这种精神更加生动,这是必然的要求,全面、系统地在新时期推进中国改革的互补性。最后,我希望中国在改革大潮中经济周刊越来越成功,在新时代的开放。(新媒体编辑:王欣静)关注中国经济周刊头条。请回到上面的文章,点击右上方的注意”。

zhong guo jing ji zhou kan wei xin hao: zhong guo jing ji zhou kan zhong guo jing ji zhou kan guan fang wang zhan: jing ji wang www. ce.. cn, yuan guo jia ti yu gai ge wei yuan hui fu zhu ren, yuan zhong guo jing ji gai ge yan jiu hui hui chang gao sheng quan ben wen fa biao zai 2018 nian zhong guo jing ji zhou kan di 50 qi dao shi yi jie san zhong quan hui wei zhi, zhong guo de gai ge kai fang yi jing chi xu le 40 nian. zhong guo jing ji zhou kan ren min ri bao yi bu zhuo" si shi nian si shi ke" de fang shi miao shu le gai ge kai fang de guo cheng he cheng jiu, ji nian le zhong guo nai zhi ren lei li shi shang de wei da cheng jiu. wo ren wei zhe shi fei chang hao de he bi yao de. xian zai, ji nian gai ge kai fang 40 zhou nian si shi nian si shi ke ji jiang chu ban. zhong guo jing ji zhou kan yao qing wo wei ci xie yi pian xu yan. wo xiang zhe me zuo, bu jin yin wei wo jing li he jian zheng le zhong guo gai ge kai fang 40 nian de quan guo cheng, er qie yin wei ta ning ju le wo yi sheng de yan jiu si kao jian yi yi ji bu tong shi qi de xin qing qi fu. tong shi, wo xi wang ru ci. wo xi wang nian qing ren bu yao wang ji zhe duan li shi, ji xu ba zhong guo de gai ge tui xiang xin de gao du. 40 nian lai, zhong guo de gai ge kai fang dao lu shi hong wei de, guo jia he she hui fa sheng le ju da de bian hua, qu de le qian suo wei you de cheng jiu he bu ke mo mie de cheng jiu. ran er, cong guo nei qi ye suo you quan zheng yi dao ri yi ji lie de zhong mei mao yi zhan, ke yi shuo, zhong guo de gai ge kai fang jin cheng reng ran mian lin zhe qian suo wei you de tiao zhan. mian dui fu za de guo nei wai xing shi, wo men ru he cai neng cong zhe 40 nian de cheng gong zhong xi qu jing yan jiao xun ne? zhe shi yi ge zhi de wo men zong jie he si kao de zhong yao wen ti. xi jin ping tong zhi zhi chu:" gai ge kai fang shi dang dai zhong guo fa zhan he jin bu de sheng ming li yuan quan, shi dang he ren min yu shi ju jin de zhong yao fa bao." zai wu ge fang mian. di yi, gai ge kai fang zheng ce zhong xin cong jie ji dou zheng zhuan xiang jing ji jian she. sui ran" wen ge" yi jing jie shu, hun luan de chu bu zheng dun yi jing wen ding bing hui fu le zheng chang de she hui sheng huo zhi xu, dan" liang ge fan shi"" yi jie ji dou zheng wei he xin" de" zuo" de si xiang reng ran zhan ju zhu dao di wei, guo jia de fa zhan he jin bu reng ran xian yu jin gu. yi jiu qi ba nian wu yue, te bie shi yi jiu qi ba nian shi er yue dang de shi yi jie san zhong quan hui, sui zhe" zhen li biao zhun da tao lun" de zhan kai, zhong guo che di pao qi le" liang ge fan shi", tu po le si xiang zhi gu, hui fu le ma ke si zhu yi de ji ben si xiang lu xian, que li le" jie fang" de si xiang he xin." xiong huai da zhi, shi shi qiu shi" de gai ge kai fang, cong er you xiao di cu jin le dang he guo jia de gong zuo. zhong xin xiang jing ji jian she de zhuan yi, ye wei zhong guo de gai ge he fa zhan ti gong liao wu qiong de si xiang yuan quan he li lun huo li. di er, gai ge kai fang tui dong zhong guo cong ji hua jing ji zou xiang shi chang jing ji. zong zhi, cong ji hua jing ji xiang she hui zhu yi shi chang jing ji de zhuan bian shi zhong guo gai ge kai fang zui jian ju de guo cheng he zui zhong yao de cheng jiu. jin tian, zhong guo yi jing wan quan bai tuo le guo jia ji hua fen pei she hui zi yuan de shi dai. jue da duo shu zhong guo ren dou xiang dang ran di ren wei ta men ying gai zun xun jia zhi gui lv, you shi chang pei zhi zi yuan. suo yi wo men kan dao yi ge zhong guo qi ji, shi 7 yi ren bai tuo le pin kun. zai xin de li shi shi qi, zai zhong guo gong chan dang di shi ba jie zhong yang wei yuan hui di san ci quan ti hui yi yi jing ming que de li shi," shi shi chang zai zi yuan pei zhi zhong qi jue ding xing zuo yong, zhe bu jin shi jin yi bu shi bie zai zhong guo shi chang jing ji de yi ban gui lv, ye shi shi chang de yi ge zhong yao li cheng bei jing ji fa fu wu yu she hui zhu yi jing ji jian she. wo jian xin, jian chi shen hua gai ge he geng quan mian di kai fang, bi jiang dai lai zhong guo te se she hui zhu yi jian she yi ge xin de shui ping, zhu bu shi xian" zhong guo meng" de ren de lu, yi ge xian shi de fu guo he qiang guo. di san gai ge kai fang de fa zhan, zhong guo cong yi ge feng bi de guo jia zou xiang quan mian kai fang. cong she kou gong ye qu dao shen zhen zhu hai shan tou he xia men, jing ji te qu yi jing jian li, cong 14 ge yan hai gang kou cheng shi pu dong kai fa kai fang, kai fang zai yang zi jiang nei lu fu di jia ru WTO. gai ge kai fang shi wo guo cong" mang mu zi xin de li shi, cong xi fang" zi zun he pai chi, zhe xi yin le wai guo zi ben, ji shu he xian jin de guan li. It has made our commodity market prosperous and abundant, constantly upgrading, rapid export growth and increasing international market share. After the Sixteen Party' s Congress, China' s use of foreign capital has shifted to optimizing capital allocation and promoting technological progress as the leading factor. It has promoted the continuous improvement of the socialist market economic system, making China' s total economic volume steady second in the world. Since the eighteen largest party, China' s opening level has been raised again, and the introduction and exit of G20 have been synchronized simultaneously. China' s position in the international economic and trade system has become increasingly prominent, especially in the context of the global economic recession and the rise of trade protectionism in various countries. China has gradually become a leader and promoter of globalization, which is totally inconceivable compared with 40 years ago. gai ge cu jin kai fang, kai fang jun dui gai ge. jin hou, zhong guo jiang an zhao zhe ge zhou qi qu shi jie geng lao gu. di si, gai ge kai fang tui dong zhong guo cong ren zhi dao fa zhi. zhong guo gong chan dang de di shi si ci quan guo dai biao da hui hou, ming que ti chu le jian li she hui zhu yi shi chang jing ji ti zhi de gai ge mu biao, shi yi fa zhi guo de po qie, yin wei shi chang jing ji bi xu shi fa zhi jing ji. fa zhi bu jin ke yi cong gen ben shang xiao chu zheng zhi hun luan, xiang wen hua da ge ming, er qie, geng zhong yao de shi, que bao suo you shi chang can yu zhe de wei guan xing wei you zhang ke xun, you fa ke yi, gong ping de qian ti xia, wen ding le qi ye de yu qi, jiang di jiao yi cheng ben, shi fang shi chang zhi guan zhong yao xing. zheng shi zai zhe zhong li shi qu shi, zhong gong di shi wu ci quan guo dai biao da hui zheng chong ti chu yi fa zhi guo fang lue, jian she she hui zhu yi fa zhi guo jia zuo wei dang ling dao ren min zhi li guo jia de zheng he 1999 nian 3 yue, quan guo ren min dai biao da hui xiu gai xian fa, ming que: t " the People' s Republic of China runs the country by law and builds a socialist country ruled by law" and at the 3rd Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee, To govern China, we must adhere to the joint promotion of governing the country according to law, governing the country according to law and administering the country according to law, and adhere to the construction of a country governed by law, a government governed by law and a society governed by law as a whole". The Fourth Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China adopted the Decision on Several Major Issues Concerning the Comprehensive Promotion of Ruling the Country by After the Nineteenth National Congress, the Central Leading Group for Ruling the Country by Law was set up to push the rule of law to an unpreced you gao du. dan wo men ying gai qing xing di kan dao, jian she she hui zhu yi fa zhi guo jia hai you hen zhang de lu yao zou. di wu, gai ge kai fang cu jin le cong pin qiong luo hou de ren men de sheng huo zhuan bian dao quan mian jian she xiao kang she hui. gai ge kai fang gai bian le sheng chan guan xi dui sheng chan li de shu fu, gei ren men de sheng huo dai lai le hen da de gai jin. In the past 40 years, the per capita disposable income of urban residents in China has increased from 343 yuan in 1978 to 36396 yuan in 2017, and the per capita net income of rural residents has increased from 134 yuan to 13432 yuan the Engel coefficient urban and rural reflecting the proportion of food in family income has decreased from 57. 5 and 67. 7 in 1978 to 28. 6 and 31. 2 in 2016, respectively and the life expectancy of residents has increased from 67. 8 years in 1981 to 20 years. The 17yearold 76. 7 years old, and the 2016 " Healthy China 2030" Program Outline shows that by 2030, the people' s physical fitness has increased significantly, with the average life expectancy reaching 79. years the illiteracy rate has dropped from 22. 8 in 1982 to 4. 1 at present, and millions of college graduates are successors to the cause o she hui zhu yi xian dai hua mei nian. ke yi kan chu, gai ge kai fang yi jing cong dou zheng shi ji de mu di yi bu yi bu de xiao kang she hui, zhe shi zhi li yu jian she zhong guo te se she hui zhu yi de ren de guan jian qu dong li, yi ji wo men guo jia fa zhan jin bu de huo li yuan quan. zai guo qu de 40 nian de gai ge kai fang, zhong guo fa sheng liao ru ci ju da de zhuan bian, qu de ru ci da de cheng jiu, zhe biao ming wo men de zhu yao fang xiang, zhu yao tu jing he zhu yao fang fa bi xu zheng que. yin ci, wo men bi xu zong jie zhe 40 nian de jing yan, yi shi ying dang qian he wei lai de tiao zhan. mu qian, zhu yao de jing yan he qi shi, zhu yao bao kuo yi xia si ge fang mian: di yi, jian chi bu ke dong yao de ji ben jing ji zhi du. di shi wu ci quan guo dai biao da hui ming que zhi chu," gong you zhi wei zhu ti, duo zhong suo you zhi jing ji gong tong fa zhan, shi zhong guo zai she hui zhu yi chu ji jie duan de ji ben jing ji zhi du. wo men shuo de she hui zhu yi chu ji jie duan li lun shi ma ke si zhu yi zhong guo hua de guo cheng zhong yi ge fei chang zhong yao de li lun cheng guo, zhe qu jue yu ji dai ren de chang qi de nu li, ji dai ren ji shi dai ren ji shi. zhe you liang ceng han yi: yi shi wo guo she hui yi jing shi she hui zhu yi she hui, wo men bi xu jian chi ta, bu pian li ta er shi wo guo she hui zhu yi she hui hai chu yu chu ji jie duan, wo men bi xu cong shi ji chu fa, bu neng chao yue ta. Therefore, we must adhere to the " basic economic system in the primary stage of socialism" for a long time. Any " departure theory" of private economy and " extermination theory" of private ownership are wrong. As General Secretary Xi Jinping said in his speech, " departure theory" and " extermination theory" are inconsistent with China' s practice and with the principles and policies of the Communist Party. Second, adhere to the direction and path of marketoriented reform. From the proposition of " onetwogong" and " cutting off the tail of capitalism" to " planoriented, marketsupplementedsocialist commodity economy", from the transformation of directive plan to directive plan, to " setting up socialist market economic system as the goal of reform", and finally positioning " market plays a decisive role in the allocation of resources". zai zhe ge guo cheng zhong, wo men ke yi kan dao, zai zi yuan pei zhi zhong fa hui shen me yang de zuo yong shi chang. zhe shi dui zhong guo de jing ji ti zhi gai ge de he xin ming ti, he shi chang de zuo yong, bu duan ti sheng guan chuan yu zhong guo gai ge de quan guo cheng, zai guo qu 40 nian de kai fang, suo yi wo men bi xu kan dao, suo you de jing ji cheng jiu gai ge dai lai de shi she hui zhu yi zhong guo de guan bi ran de jie guo ness to the market and respect for the law of value we must admit that the core of the 40year reform and openingup experience is one of the core. That is to insist on the direction and road of marketoriented reform. di san, jian chi xian dai qi ye zhi du bu ke dong yao. zui jin, xi jin ping tong zhi shuo, xian dai qi ye zhi du bi xu jian chi he guan che shi zhong. xian dai qi ye zhi du shi shen me? dui zhong guo gong chan dang guan yu jian li she hui zhu yi shi chang jing ji ti zhi ruo gan wen ti de jue ding, ming que jie ding zhong yang he zong jie wei shi liu ge zi: chan quan qing xi quan ze ming que zheng qi fen kai guan li ke xue. Adhering to the modern enterprise system is not the result of whims, but the direction of reform that we finally decided through the constant exploration and trial and error of the enterprise system in the 1980s. Since the Third Plenary Session of the 14th Central Committee, the reform of stateowned enterprises has made great achievements in this fang xiang. Based on the modern enterprise system, the socialist market economy has shown tremendous vitality, and the superiority of socialism has gradually emerged. dan gai ge yong yuan bu hui jie shu, wen ti jiang bu ke bi mian di zai gai ge guo cheng zhong chu xian de. zhe xu yao geng duo de jie fang si xiang shen hua gai ge lai jie jue, er bu shi tao bi kun nan, shi guo you qi ye gai ge neng chong fan jiu lu. Otherwise, it will not only cause ideological confusion, but also lead to market turbulence and institutional transaction costs will rise substantially. At the same time, because the stateowned enterprises are often in the upstream of the industrial chain, their rising costs will lead to the rise of the overall economic costs, which will inhibit the competitiveness of the country, especially in the context of the rise of international trade protectionism and the continuous fermentation of trade wARS, yi zhi jing zheng jiang dai lai ju da de jing ji chong ji. yin ci, wo men bi xu zhan zai quan ju de gao du, zhan zai guo ji jing zheng de jiao du, jian chi xian dai qi ye zhi du de gai ge, jian ding bu yi di. Fourthly, we should persist in protecting human rights, property rights and personality rights. At the 15th National Congress of the CPC, for the first time, " guaranteeing broad rights and freedoms according to law, respecting and guaranteeing human rights" was written into the Party' s documents in 2004, the " state respects and guarantees human rights" was written into the Constitution to realize the " constitutionalization of human rights" in China, and then freedom was regarded as one of the important contents of socialist core values. In 2017, " Opinions of the State Council of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Creating a Healthy Growth Environment for Entrepreneurs, Promoting Excellent Entrepreneurship and Better Playing the Role of Entrepreneurs" clearly put forward: to protect the property rights, innovative rights and autonomous management rights of en nei rong gen ju fa lv, jian li yi ge xin de" zhuan ye qing" qi ye jia de zheng shang guan xi shi he di shi jiu ci quan guo dai biao da hui de zhong guo gong chan dang de quan li. wei shen me dang ru ci zhong shi bao hu zhei xie quan li de ge zhong suo you zhi jing ji zu zhi he ge ren yi fa ma? zai wo kan lai, zhe shi wei le ti gao ren min de cai fu he cai chan de an quan, ren min de xing fu de zhong yao zu cheng bu fen, qi chu fa dian he luo jiao dian de gai ge kai fang, he zeng qiang she hui xin xin, xing cheng liang hao de fa zhan yu qi de guan jian shou duan. zhong guo gong chan dang de di shi ba ci quan guo dai biao da hui yi lai, gai ge kai fang shi ye jin ru le yi ge xin de shi dai. zai di shi ba jie zhong yang wei yuan hui di san ci quan ti hui yi, dang de zhong yang wei yuan hui, yi xi jin ping tong zhi wei he xin de, you zhong gong zhong yang guan yu quan mian shen hua gai ge ruo gan zhong da wen ti de jue ding, miao hui zhong guo de gai ge quan mian tui guang de hong wei lan tu kai fang. zhong da de tu po yi jing zai shi chang zai zi yuan pei zhi zhong de di wei. xian zhu de jin bu yi jing zai gong ying fang mian di jie gou xing gai ge qu de. fan fu bai dou zheng he cu jin cheng xin xiao guo xian zhu. Effective progress has been made in the construction of ecological civilization. Deepening the reform of national defense and the army has significantly improved the level of national defense modernization and national defense capability. Cultural system reform has also promoted the prosperity and development of cultural undertakings. In particular, it is worth mentioning that the toplevel design of the national political system adapts to new requirements and achieves new breakthroughs. After the Third Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee, the Central Committee set up a leading group to comprehensively deepen the reform at the highest decisionmaking level, which greatly enhanced the decisionmaking efficiency of the reform, freed a series of problems such as household registration and rural land system that had always been avoided in the past and made positive breakthroughs. What is more valuable is that the national governance system and governance capacitybuilding have become more striking, and adherence to the leadership of the Party is our country. The fundamental guarantee to achieve sustainable development and prosperity, and the people' s ownership is the source of strength to achieve the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. gai ge zhi you jin xing shi, mei you wan cheng. 12 yue 18 ri, wo ting le xi jin ping zong shu ji de zhong yao jiang hua, ti chu le yi xie si kao. zong shu ji shuo, gai ge kai fang shi yi ge wei da de jue xing de ren. gai ge kai fang yi jing jian li le yi ge wei da de qi ji he gai ge kai fang cheng wei dang dai zhong guo ren zui xian ming de jing shen xiang zheng. wo shen shen de gan dong, gai ge kai fang shi yi ge wei da de shi jian, ye shi yi zhong wei da de jing shen. zheng shi yin wei zhe zhong wei da de jing shen, gai ge kai fang shi zhong guo you yi ge wei da de gai ge kai fang shi jian, chuang zao le di qiu shang de yi ge qi ji. gai ge kai fang de jing shen shi shen me? wo ren wei zhe zhu yao ti xian zai liang ge fang mian: di yi, da dan chang shi de jing shen, cheng wei shi jie di yi qi ci, bu duan chuang xin de jing shen, gai ge guo cheng zhong gan yu tan suo he chuang xin. zhong guo de gai ge yi jin ru shen shui qu. mei yi ci tu po, xu yao geng da de yong qi he jue xin, yi ji geng duo de yong qi qu chang shi he chuang xin. zai ji nian he zan song le gai ge kai fang di si shi zhou nian zhi ji, wo men xu yao fa yang zhe zhong jing shen geng jia sheng dong, zhe shi bi ran de yao qiu, quan mian xi tong di zai xin shi qi tui jin zhong guo gai ge de hu bu xing. zui hou, wo xi wang zhong guo zai gai ge da chao zhong jing ji zhou kan yue lai yue cheng gong, zai xin shi dai de kai fang. xin mei ti bian ji: wang xin jing guan zhu zhong guo jing ji zhou kan tou tiao. qing hui dao shang mian di wen zhang, dian ji you shang fang de zhu yi".

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Dalio: China's economic growth has slowed twice as fast as that of developed countries_

    3月19日晚,全球最大对冲基金乔水创始人雷达里奥接观海听涛什么意思_高鹰生殖中心受新浪财经采访。面对40年快速发展后中国还有多少增长空间的问题,他说:“尽管中国的经济增长速度不会像fq55点com_高鹰生殖中心以前那么快,但仍然应该是发达国家的两倍。”达里奥认为,中国再也不能完全依靠以前的驱动力来推动经济增长。然而,“中国已经采取了一系列改革,为经济注入了新的活力。”他特别提到中国的技术创新处于世中关村男孩阿军_高鹰生殖中心界前列,特别是“中国的5G技术将处于世界前列。”达里奥说,5G技术将带来前所未有的连通性,并将使一个B。我们的生产力有了突破。达里奥还就中国经济的新动力发表了自己的看法。他认为,对于今天的中国,这取决于在不同领域是否有更多的创新和发展。此外,中国的领导才能在许多领域得到展示网游之再世骁武_高鹰生殖中心吗?In addition, he said that China is a big country, and many 洛克王国寒冰皇_高鹰生殖中心regions are still underdeveloped. 这些地区“实际上可以提高生产力更多。”达里奥认为,中国未来刘阳 非常了得_高鹰生殖中心的经济增长取决于两个重要方向,一个是创新,另一个是将创新成果扩大到尚未完全发展的领域,以提高这些地区的生产力。从这个角度看,中国还有很大的改进空间。尽管中国的经济增长速度不会像以前那么快,但仍应该是发达国家的两倍。以下是相关问题和答案:新浪财经:您刚才提到了推动经济发展的一些基本因素。中国经历了40年的快速发展。中国经济中还有哪些基本的驱动因素是我们以前忽视或利用不足的?因为在目前的情况下,过去一些基本的驱动力可能会比较少。达里奥:你说得对,因为再也不可能依靠以前的驱动力来推动经济增长了。中国从改革开放中受益匪浅。中国从改革开放中受益匪浅。但同时,当我们打开大门时,我们需要赶上其他国家。例如,我们引入了一些新技术,并在许多领域进行了改进。这也使我们能够在生产率增长方面赶上其他国家。但我们真正想问的问题是,这一切是否能够带来真正的创新、改革,以及是否能够带来真正的改善。这些指标是我们的教育质量以及基础设施的质量。我想我在中国看到了很多很好的现象。中国实行了一系列改革,实际上为经济注入了新的活力,也创造了许多创业精神,为中国带来了许多创新。纵观技术发展,中国始终处于全球技术创新的前沿。例如,让我们来看看5G技术。因为5G技术将带来前所未有的连接性,并将在我们的生产力上取得重大突破。中国的5G技术将走在世界前列。尤其是现在,如果我们能得到大量的数据,那么在人工智能时代,二者的良好结合,即数据加人工智能,可以在很多方面做出很大的改进。因此,现在我们必须看到,在中国,我们是否能够在不同的领域进一步创新和发展。此外,我们能在许多领域发挥领导作用吗?另一点是中国是一个非常大的国家。许多地区仍然不发达。这些地区实际上可以提高生产力。所以,我刚才提到了两点。第一点是创新。第二,我们要把这些创新扩大到中国不太发达的领域,使这些领域的生产力进一步提高。因此,从这个角度来看,中国的生产力还有很大的提高空间。尽管在这种情况下,中国的经济增长速度不会像以前那么快,但仍然应该是发达国家的两倍。责任编辑:张元帅

    

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